Discounting is justified by continuing economic growth, which itself rests upon “spontaneous” technological progress in the future. Our descendants will be much wealthier than we are in large part because they will have much better technology. In the argument among economists, Nordhaus believes that future technology will be much more efficacious than Stern does. For climate, we can imagine that obstacles and inefficiencies associated with carbon capture sequestration will have been worked out, or technologies will exist that allow us to easily remove CO2 (or any other greenhouse gas) directly out of the atmosphere. Or there will be other breakthroughs we can not imagine given our impoverished knowledge of miracles to come.
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Fundamentally, higher special discounts applied significantly less than fundamental, incontrovertible monetary presumptions about future development discourage making high technology opportunities today to help you balance out Co2 levels in the surroundings. Leggi tutto